English Irregular Verbs – The Easiest Way How To Learn

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English can be a tricky language for some people who have different native languages. Whenever you might think that you know decent enough English, then the language will throw a curveball at you. However, one should always keep learning new things to expand their present horizon.

Before we dive deep into the nitty gritties of English irregular verbs from learniv.com, it’s good to cover some basics first. Learniv.com provides you with an extensive database of these verbs in 23 different languages while containing all the possible and relevant word options.

You can follow this article to get to know more about the world of verbs.

What are the different forms of verbs?

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To be exact, there are three forms of verbs. First comes the base or root form. You don’t need to conjugate it. It also doesn’t require any prefixes or suffixes.

For example:

  • You can do whatever you want to do.
  • I want to be a doctor.

The second form of the verb is known as the past simple. It‘s helpful to represent an action that has already taken place in the past.

For example:

  • I have arrived at the airport.
  • She hurt herself while playing badminton.

The last form of the verb is the past participle. You use it to explain a situation that has completed some action. You have to use have/has before the third form of the verb.

For example:

  • Have you been to London?
  • She has gone shopping.

How to differentiate between regular and irregular verbs?

Verbs are broadly categorized into two categories- regular and irregular verbs. In regular verbs, the verbs remain fairly similar over the different forms. Regular verbs follow a fixed pattern for conjugation. All you need to do is put -ed at the end of the base form of the particular verb. For instance, roll rolled and rolled.

On the other hand, the past simple and past participle of irregular verbs can be completely different from the root verb. In some cases, the words might be exactly the same. As the name suggests, for conjugation, they require a special set of rules—for example, drink-drank-drunk, get-got-got, and cut-cut-cut.

Some commonly used irregular verbs

Verbs that remain the same over the different forms:

BASE FORM                      PAST SIMPLE                           PAST PARTICIPLE

Cut                                     Cut                                          Cut
Hurt                                   Hurt                                         Hurt
Shut                                  Shut                                         Shut
Let                                    Let                                           Let
Bet                                    Bet                                          Bet

The verbs with the identical past forms:

 BASE FORM                    PAST SIMPLE                           PAST PARTICIPLE

Sell                                    Sold                                             Sold
Get                                     Got                                              Got
Catch                                Caught                                         Caught
Sleep                                 Slept                                           Slept
Feel                                    Felt                                              Felt
Keep                                   Kept                                             Kept
Have                                   Had                                             Had
Leave                                   Left                                             Left
Send                                   Sent                                            Sent
Teach                                 Taught                                          Taught

Verbs with identical base and third form:

BASE FORM                    PAST SIMPLE                        PAST PARTICIPLE

Become                            Became                                  Become
Run                                  Ran                                       Run
Come                               Came                                    Come

The verbs that are different throughout the forms:

BASE FORM                       PAST SIMPLE                           PAST PARTICIPLE

Blow                                   Blew                                         Blown
Go                                    Went                                          Gone
Swim                                  Swam                                        Swum
Fall                                      Fell                                          Fallen
Sing                                    Sang                                         Sung
Give                                    Gave                                         Given
Trow                                   Threw                                       Thrown
Fly                                      Flew                                         Flown
See                                     Saw                                          Seen
Know                                  Knew                                        Known

The verbs with “O” in the past forms

BASE FORM                      PAST SIMPLE                       PAST PARTICIPLE

Steal                                 Stole                                   Stolen
Tear                                  Tore                                     Torn
Get                                    Got                                   Gotten
Freeze                                 Froze                                 Frozen

Tricks to ace irregular verbs

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For beginners, the task of learning irregular verbs can seem to be daunting. Get along with a platform that contains all the possible words in different languages as shown in the infographic.

If you follow a few basic tips, then you can simplify the whole process.

Learn 10 similar verbs together

It’s a prevalent learning technique, also known as chunking. Instead of trying to cram everything in one go, you try to break them in small groups. Then, you group the most similar ones together.

You can categorize them on the basis of your convenience. You can go for resembling sounds or meanings. It would be best if you classify them in a group of words that remain the same over the different forms.

Additionally, the words with the same past forms, words with the same base, and third form. Then lastly, the words that are different throughout the forms.

Begin with common ones

Approximately, there are over 200 verbs, and it’s of no use to learn all of them. Moreover, there are different irregular verbs in British and American English. So, it’s advisable to start your training with the words that you use perpetually in your daily life.

Apply in sentences

You can try to fit the words in sentences to better understand their usage as well as the meaning. It could help you to ease up the process, depending on person to person.

For example, I can eat a cake, I ate an ice cream yesterday, but I’ve already eaten chocolate.

Moreover, experts suggest that if the sentences are weird or funny that it’ll increase your learning speed.

  • You can play with the words by making them rhyme or creating a story.
  • Don’t forget to learn the words with their complete tense forms.
  • If you’re trying to learn a new word, but you skip the other tense forms of the same word. Then it might create problems for you in the near future.

For instance, you are learning the word ‘go,’ which means to move or travel to another place.

It would be better if you would learn went (simple past tense) and gone (past participle).

Make colorful flashcards

It’s a proven fact that people learn faster when they read something written with or on a brighter background. Moreover, you can stick those cards on walls or somewhere accessible so that you can read them again and again.

Practice! Practice! Practice!

In the end, everything boils down to practice. If you don’t practice them regularly, then you might end up forgetting most of them. This, in turn, defeats the entire purpose of learning them in the first place

  • Begin with doing it alone or in front of a mirror. Then, you can later involve your friends and family.
  • Ask people for constructive feedback
  • After you try practicing in front of your family and friends, you can ask them for feedback.

Try not to take the criticism personally and get disheartened or discouraged by it.

It’ll help you improve as well as save you from the embarrassment of speaking something wrong in front of a stranger.