Types of Automation Control Panels for Industrial Uses

Source: ipegroup.asia

With the advent of microprocessors in the early 1970s, there was a revolution in computer development that led to much smaller and cheaper computer systems. Then many control systems emerged that used microprocessors as controllers. The fact that computers can be programmed offered great advantages over wired logic functions in control systems based on relays or integrated circuits. Therefore, various programs are used in programming as aids to process and translate human functional descriptions into a language that the computer recognizes.

In addition to the many innovations brought to us by the computer world, there is other automation that has made our lives much easier. Take electricity for example. Electric current is the directed movement of free electrons through a conductor and can be obtained by the chemical reaction of various metals and electrolytes, so they are called chemical sources of electric current. The fuse is made in the form of a metal thread that is located in a housing that is usually filled with sand or air. When it “works”, this metal thread burns, and interrupts the circuit, which prevents damage to consumers, power sources, or electrical wiring. Fuses are slowly disappearing in use in households and industry as they are replaced automatically over time. Fuses are most commonly used today for low currents in the electronics and automotive industries. The circuit breaker has 2 protection mechanisms. It consists of a bimetal that serves as protection against overload and an electromagnet that interrupts the circuit in the event of a short circuit.

Source: ul.com

We know that each device has a switch that regulates the flow of electricity. But there are also fuses in the junction box that do this. Their main role is to control the flow of electricity, and if there is a load, there will be no electricity in the room or the whole building, without any device being damaged. What needs to be done at that point is to replace the fuse. At least that was the case before their automation came about. Now it is enough to return the switch to its original position and the current will return. When it comes to protection functions, short circuit protection is also very important. There is a rich and diverse range of circuit breakers on the market that can be distinguished from each other by a number of criteria. These characteristics include generated short-circuit current, trigger curve, rated current, etc.

The fuses are housed in a junction box that is usually built into the wall and does not take up much space. Distribution cabinets are used for electricity distribution in industrial, transmission, and distribution plants.

Metal cabinets provide a high level of quality and robustness. They are ideal for industrial use because they provide a high level of quality and robustness. Industrial cabinets differ in their dimensions and method of installation, so we distinguish small industrial metal cabinets, wall metal cabinets, freestanding metal, compact cabinets, freestanding adjustable cabinets, stainless steel wall cabinets, and freestanding compact stainless-steel cabinets. You can learn more about it if you visit eabel.com.

Source: siemens.com

Control panels provide security and ensure versatility in all areas of industry, building, and networking technologies. Depending on the application and the set requirements, we offer cabinets and dividers made of steel, stainless steel (food industry), glass reinforced polyester (outdoor installation), plastic apartment dividers, plastic housings, and plastic wiring boxes.

There are several types of control panels, depending on the application and the requirements set. For example, panels made of stainless steel are most commonly used in the food industry. If it is an outdoor installation, then glass-reinforced polyester panels will be the right choice. Thus, the cabinets themselves can be of different dimensions and made of different materials.

Due to the quality of the material, and the very construction of the cabinet which allows optimal ventilation, polyester cabinets can be used in extreme climatic conditions (in mountainous regions, shores, etc.) without maintaining the cabinet surface. Metal cabinets are made of pickled sheet metal which is additionally protected by plasticizing. Cabinets have the option of installing a locking system in three points.

Cable distribution cabinets are used for electricity distribution in industrial, transmission, and distribution plants, distribution networks, electrification of railways, distribution of telecommunication cables, street lighting, street and railway signalization, and elsewhere. Electricity distribution is realized through disconnecting fuse sets, or fuse sets with a suitable busbar system up to 400A.

Source: siemens.com

When equipping a control panel, various components are important that vary depending on the needs of the home, company, or any other facility. The components include various types of fuses, fuse base, contactor, neutral conductor connection base, cam switch, direct conductor connection terminals, line terminals, support insulators, and so on. In addition to the above examples, it is possible to equip the cabinet according to the customers’ requests.

In order for the system to function fully, it was necessary to set clear goals and design control of the management system at the beginning of the development. When designing, it is necessary to think about a possible upgrade of the system and thus leave room for a possible upgrade if the need arises. Some things scheduled for the upgrade have already been implemented in the system to make further system upgrades as easy as possible.

The implementation of maintenance is mostly based on previous experience and differs from industry to industry, adapts to production, market, type of failure, environment. The main task of maintenance is to maintain electrical equipment in smooth operation with a minimum number of downtimes.

Sometimes, manufacturers do not list all the necessary maintenance measures in the instructions. That’s why it is necessary to know the operation of electrical equipment, and the operation of the machine if it is installed on it in order to notice a malfunction or disturbance in a timely manner. Often the instructions are in a foreign language, and the worker must be versed in the terminology of the textile industry because mostly in electrical schemes, electrical equipment is described with the action in which he works.